How to Teach Your Dog Basic Commands: Sit, Stay, and Come

Hey there, fellow dog lovers! Teaching your furry companion basic commands is the first step towards building a strong and harmonious relationship.

Whether you’ve just welcomed a new puppy into your home or want to reinforce training with your adult dog, this guide will show you how to teach the essential commands of sit, stay, and come.

Get ready for some tail-wagging fun and rewarding training sessions!

Understanding the Importance of Basic Commands

Before we dive into the training process, let’s understand why teaching basic commands is crucial for your dog’s well-being. Basic commands provide the foundation for communication and safety between you and your canine friend.

A well-trained dog can follow directions, stay out of harm’s way, and interact politely with people and other animals.

The Power of Sit: A Fundamental Command

Sitting is a must-have command that you must teach your dog. Start by holding a treat close to their nose, and then slowly move it upward.

Your dog will sit as its rear end naturally drops because its head is following the treat.

Once they’re sitting, say “sit” in a cheerful tone and reward them with the treat and praise. Practice this command in various locations to reinforce the behavior.

Stay: Ensuring Safety and Control

Your dog’s safety and your peace of mind depend on his understanding of the “stay” command. Start off by sitting your dog down. Hold your hand, palm facing them, in front of their face like a stop sign, and say “stay” firmly.

Take a step back, and if your dog remains in place, return to them and reward with a treat and praise. Gradually increase the distance and duration of the stay as your pup becomes more proficient.

Come: Building Trust and Recall

The “come” command is all about building trust and ensuring reliable recall. Start indoors in a distraction-free environment. Crouch down, open your arms, and enthusiastically say “come.” When your dog comes to you, shower them with affection and treats.

Repeat this process regularly, gradually moving to more challenging environments. Always make “come” a positive and rewarding experience for your furry friend.

The Role of Positive Reinforcement

In our training journey, we’ll rely on the power of positive reinforcement. Dogs respond best to encouragement and rewards, so always praise and treat your dog when they follow the commands correctly.

Positive reinforcement creates a happy and willing learner, making the training experience enjoyable for both of you.

Using Treats and Verbal Praise

Treats are a fantastic motivator during training. Use small, delicious treats that your dog loves and responds to enthusiastically. Combine the treats with verbal praise in a high-pitched and cheerful tone.

The combination of treats and praise reinforces the desired behavior and lets your dog know they’re doing a great job.

Timing is Key

Timing is crucial in training. Always reward your dog immediately after they perform the correct behavior.

This reinforces the association between the command and the action. If you delay the reward, your dog may not understand what they’re being praised for.

Keeping It Fun and Engaging

Always keep in mind that you and your dog deserve a training experience that is enjoyable for everyone involved. Keep the sessions short and upbeat to prevent boredom and frustration.

Use toys and playtime as rewards to make training an enjoyable bonding activity.

Avoiding Punishment

Refrain from using punishment during training. Negative reinforcement, such as yelling or physical correction, can harm the trust and bond between you and your dog.

Positive and patient methods are far more effective in shaping good behavior.

Troubleshooting Common Challenges

During training, you may encounter some challenges. Here are some of the most common issues and how to address them:

Your Dog Doesn’t Respond to Treats If your dog loses interest in treats during training, try using their favorite toy or extra affection as rewards. Additionally, ensure you’re using high-quality, tasty treats that your dog can’t resist.

Your Dog Gets Distracted Easily In distracting environments, use a leash to keep your dog focused on you. Gradually increase the level of distractions as your dog becomes more adept at following commands.

Your Dog Resists the Training Sessions If your dog seems disinterested or resistant during training, take a break and come back later. Keep the sessions short and end on a positive note to maintain enthusiasm.


Congratulations on taking the first steps towards teaching your dog basic commands! Remember, patience and positive reinforcement are the keys to successful training.

Make training sessions enjoyable, and cherish the moments of progress. With time and dedication, your furry friend will master sit, stay, and come, becoming a well-behaved and obedient companion.


How long does it take to teach a dog the basic commands?

Training timelines vary, but with consistent practice, your dog can learn the basics within a few weeks. Remember, every dog is unique, so be patient and celebrate small achievements along the way.

Can I train an older dog to follow these commands?

Absolutely! Dogs of all ages can learn and benefit from basic commands. The key is to be patient and consistent in your training approach.

How many times a day should I practice training?

Short and frequent training sessions are more effective than long ones. Aim for three to five 5-minute sessions per day to keep your dog engaged and focused.

What if my dog responds to commands indoors but not outdoors?

Outdoor environments can be distracting for dogs, especially during early stages of training. Gradually increase the difficulty of training locations to help your dog generalize the commands to various settings.

Can I use clicker training for basic commands?

Absolutely! Clicker training is a positive reinforcement technique that many dogs respond to well. Use the clicker to mark desired behaviors and follow up with treats and praise.

How do I transition from treats to verbal praise?

Once your dog consistently follows the commands, you can gradually reduce treat rewards while continuing to praise them enthusiastically. Verbal praise alone will become a sufficient reinforcement for their good behavior.

What should I do if my dog understands the commands but doesn’t obey them when excited?

When your dog is excited, their focus may be redirected elsewhere. Practice commands in low-distraction environments and gradually add distractions as their response improves. Consistent practice will help your dog obey even in exciting situations.

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