3th-century blood sport dogs, banned in 1800s. Used for illegal fighting, crossed with terriers. Appearance refined, shorter, wrinkled face.
In the 1500s, English hunters had large hounds for deer and small hounds for rabbits. Beagles descended from the small hounds.
1800s English breed from Yorkshire and Lancashire. Terrier mix with Scottish and Maltese influence. Rat hunters turned lapdogs.
In 17th century, British kings favored black-and-tan spaniels. Crossed with Asian breeds in 19th century, recreated as Cavalier in 1920s.
Centuries ago, "cocker" and "springer" spaniels were born in the same litter. English springer spaniels evolved for hunting and still excel today.
In 1800s, a fearless dog breed called bullmastiff was created to protect English estates from poachers. Powerful, loyal, and wary of strangers.
Early English cocker spaniels hunted woodcock. 19th century bred for breed standard. 20th century, American breeders created smaller version.
1800s English breed bred by workers, smart and tough hunters. Mixed with otterhounds, terriers, setters, retrievers, and herders.